How to Find Your Best Selling Price

It is absolutely essential to realise that:

  • the perceived value to the customer must be greater than the price or they won’t buy.
  • your price will not ultimately be determined by you but by what your prospects are prepared to pay.

Product differentiation

The more you can differentiate your products from others the wider the range of possible prices you may be able to charge as the customer has little to compare what you are offering against.

If you can differentiate what you are offering, a higher price may work better. People automatically value high priced items more than low priced items and some people just wouldn’t buy a low priced item on the belief it is low quality.

It has been proven in studies that the price sensitive points, such as €99 rather than €100, work although it has been shown recently that many people now read €99 as €100 and that for many people you actually need to change a 9 to a 7 for it to have an impact.

Minimum price

You should always have a minimum price below which it doesn’t make sense to sell your product. You’ve got your overheads to cover and the minimum amount you need to earn to cover your personal living costs.

Test

To test for the optimum price you need to test some price points. If you can differentiate what you do, look at raising prices by 25% or 50%. If you can’t differentiate what you sell from your competitors, small increases are likely to be more relevant. Then record the results. You also need to test to see if price decreases make you more profit.

Pricing example

Make sure you measure the impact of price movements on profit and not on sales levels. Let’s look at an example for a company selling widgets.

Current Sales

Sales (1000 widgets at €100 each) 100,000
Cost of sales (1000 widgets at €70 each) 70,000
Gross Profit 30,000
Fixed overheads 25,000
Profit 5,000

The company wants to know if is going to better off by reducing prices by 10% or increasing them by 10%. The only way to find out is to test. After testing, they find out …

  • Option 1 of reducing prices by 10% results in a 20% increase in quantity sold, and
  • Option 2 of increasing prices by 10% results in a 20% fall in quantity sold.

Which should they do?

It’s tempting to go for option 1 with 20% more sales with only a price cut of 10% but lets look at what happens financially.

.

Option 1 Option 2 
Sales (1200 widgets at €90 each) 108,000 (800x€110) 88,000
Cost of sales (1200 widgets at €70 each) 84,000 (800x€70) 56,000
Gross Profit 24,000 32,000
Fixed overheads 25,000 25,000
(Loss)/Profit (1,000) 7,000

.

Raising prices with less sales is better by €8,000. You have less work to do for more profit!

Every situation will vary depending on your profit margins, which is why it’s important to do the numbers. Using discount pricing will generally mean you do have to significantly increase sales volumes to make more profit.

Pricing/volume chart

The following chart gives you an idea of the effect on your profitability by showing the quantity your sales would need to increase or decrease by if you reduced or increased your prices. You can use this table as a guide to your pricing policy.

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If your present
gross profit percentage is:
20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 55% 60%
And your prices fall by To increase profit, sales volume must increase by more than…
2% 11% 9% 7% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 3%
4% 25% 19% 15% 13% 11% 10% 9% 8% 7%
6% 43% 32% 25% 21% 18% 15% 14% 12% 11%
8% 67% 47% 36% 30% 25% 22% 19% 17% 15%
10% 100% 67% 50% 40% 33% 29% 25% 22% 20%
12% 150% 92% 67% 52% 43% 36% 32% 28% 25%
14% 233% 127% 88% 67% 54% 45% 39% 34% 30%
16% 400% 178% 114% 84% 67% 55% 47% 41% 36%
18% 900% 257% 150% 106% 82% 67% 56% 49% 43%
20% - 400% 200% 133% 100% 80% 67% 57% 50%
25% - - 500% 250% 167% 125% 100% 83% 71%
If your present
gross profit percentage is:
20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% 55% 60%
And your prices rise by To increase profit, sales volume must not reduce by more than…
2% 9% 7% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 3%
4% 17% 14% 12% 10% 9% 8% 7% 7% 6%
6% 23% 19% 17% 15% 13% 12% 11% 10% 9%
8% 29% 24% 21% 19% 17% 15% 14% 13% 12%
10% 33% 19% 25% 22% 20% 18% 17% 15% 14%
12% 38% 32% 29% 26% 23% 21% 19% 18% 17%
14% 41% 36% 32% 29% 26% 24% 22% 20% 19%
16% 44% 39% 35% 31% 29% 26% 24% 23% 21%
18% 47% 42% 38% 34% 31% 29% 26% 25% 23%
20% 50% 44% 40% 36% 33% 31% 29% 27% 25%
25% 56% 50% 45% 42% 38% 36% 33% 31% 29%

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The only way to find your best price is to test and analyse.

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Related article:                       10 Ways to Increase Your Profit

Please call Noel Murphy today on 021-4310266 if you need further information on how to find your best selling price or a free consultation.